Short Course on Options – What You Need To Know

Short Course on Options – What You Need To Know

School to Prison Pipeline Solutions A report in 2000 indicated a drop in youthful crime rate, but the school’s discipline policies are taking a wrong direction. The Department of Education for Civil Rights reported an increase in expulsion and suspensions of students in schools. The out-of-school suspensions affect black students more than the white students, and many of the expelled students either drop out school or perform poorly after getting back to school. Due to the seriousness of the issue, youth advocates raised concerns to draw attention of the Obama administration and lawmakers. It was found that many schools are expelling or suspending students too often, and therefore the need to formulate alternative discipline policies. Since Juvenile detention and school discipline policies were similar, the youth advocates named the situation as “school to prison pipeline”. Students that caused trouble in learning institutions were channeled to face a criminal justice system. Some of the criminal cases include substance abuse, fight, and personal injuries in school. The administrators were forcing students to face criminal justice system. Arresting of students in school occurred many times where they were put into detention centers.
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However, keeping students out of school was not a common thing in the 1970s. When the crime and violations escalated in schools, administrators adopted expulsion and suspension programs. For instance, bringing a weapon in school was a one year punishable crime. The enactment of zero-tolerance policies contributed to increased cases of students being suspended and expelled out of school.
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However, administrators misinterpreted the weapon policy. Even when youngsters displayed their hands like guns, many schools take it too broadly such that the students are expelled or suspended. Apart from the serious crimes that could warrant a suspension, many schools adopted their own zero-tolerance policies to discourage other more serious crimes. Even those small misbehaviors such as missing a class could get a student expelled. Over time, state police officers were stationed in different schools to maintain order. However, those school resource officers turned to be security personnel against mass shooting incidents such as the one that happened in Columbine school in 1998. This resulted in misuse of police responsibilities while in schools. Many students have been arrested and taken to detention chambers. Due to arrests and prosecutions, many students got criminal juvenile records. This meant a second punishment would be harsher for the same student. The Obama administration opened investigations into the civil rights implicated by the school discipline policies and urged schools to come up with different discipline policies. Therefore, expulsion and suspension was to become a last resort punishment. Nowadays, various schools have established drug abuse prevention programs. The aim of the new programs is to create a stronger bond between students, teachers, and school administrators. So, students can obtain guidance and counseling rather than facing a criminal justice system.

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